# Conformally invariant operators

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where $a, b$ are constant. | where $a, b$ are constant. | ||

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+ | Examples of conformally invariant operators include: | ||

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+ | * The conformal Laplacian: $L_g=-\Delta_g + \frac{n-2}{4(n-1)}R_g$, where $n$ is the dimension of the manifold, $-\Delta_g$ is the Laplace–Beltrami operator of $g$, and $R_g$ is the scalar curvature of $g$. This is a second order differential operator. One can check that in this case, $a=\frac{n-2}{2}$ and $b=\frac{n+2}{2}$. | ||

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+ | * The Paneitz operator <ref name="paneitz1983quartic"/> <ref name="paneitz2008quartic"/>. | ||

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+ | == References == | ||

+ | {{reflist|refs= | ||

+ | <ref name="paneitz1983quartic">{{Citation | last1=Paneitz | first1= S | title=A quartic conformally covariant differential operator for arbitrary pseudo-Riemannian manifolds |year=1983 | journal=preprint}}</ref> | ||

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+ | <ref name="paneitz2008quartic">{{Citation | last1=Paneitz | first1= S | title=A quartic conformally covariant differential operator for arbitrary pseudo-Riemannian manifolds (summary) | url=http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2008.036 | doi:10.3842/SIGMA.2008.036 | year=2008 | journal=SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. | issue=4 | Paper=036}}</ref> | ||

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## Revision as of 19:48, 23 September 2013

On a general compact manifold $M$ with metric $g$, a metrically defined operator $A$ is said to be conformally invariant if under the conformal change in the metric $g_w=e^{2w}g$, the pair of the corresponding operators $A_w$ and $A$ are related by \[ A_w(\varphi)=e^{-bw} A(e^{aw}\varphi)\quad\mbox{for all }\varphi \in C^{\infty}(M), \] where $a, b$ are constant.

Examples of conformally invariant operators include:

- The conformal Laplacian: $L_g=-\Delta_g + \frac{n-2}{4(n-1)}R_g$, where $n$ is the dimension of the manifold, $-\Delta_g$ is the Laplace–Beltrami operator of $g$, and $R_g$ is the scalar curvature of $g$. This is a second order differential operator. One can check that in this case, $a=\frac{n-2}{2}$ and $b=\frac{n+2}{2}$.

- The Paneitz operator
^{[1]}^{[2]}.

## References

- ↑ Paneitz, S (1983), "A quartic conformally covariant differential operator for arbitrary pseudo-Riemannian manifolds",
*preprint* - ↑ Paneitz, S (2008), "A quartic conformally covariant differential operator for arbitrary pseudo-Riemannian manifolds (summary)",
*SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl.*(4), http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2008.036