Nonlocal minimal surfaces

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Broadly speaking, these surfaces arise as the boundaries of domains $E \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that minimize (within a class of given admissible configurations) the following energy functional:
Broadly speaking, these surfaces arise as the boundaries of domains $E \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that minimize (within a class of given admissible configurations) the following energy functional:
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\[ J_s(E)= C_{n,s}\int_{E}\int_{E^c}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{n+s}}dxdy,\;\; s \in (0,1) \]
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\[ J_K(E)= \int_{E}\int_{E^c}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{n+s}}dxdy, s\ in (0,1) \]
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The dimensional constant $C_{n,s}$ blows up as $s \to 1^-$, in which case (at least when the boundary of $E$ is smooth enough) one can check that $J_s(E)$ converges to the perimeter of $E$.
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Classically,  [[minimal surfaces]] (or generally [[surfaces of constant mean curvature]] ) arise in physical situations where one has two phases interacting (eg. water-air, water-ice ) and the energy of interaction is proportional to the area of the interface, which is due to the interaction between particles/agents in both phases being negligible when they are far apart.
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Nonlocal minimal surfaces then, describe physical phenomena where the interaction potential does not decay fast enough as particles are apart, so that two particles on different phases and far from the interface still contribute a non-trivial amount to the total interaction energy, in particular, one may consider much more general energy functionals corresponding to different interaction potentials
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\[ J_K(E)= \int_{E}\int_{E^c}K(x,y) dxdy \]

Revision as of 17:21, 31 May 2011

Broadly speaking, these surfaces arise as the boundaries of domains $E \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that minimize (within a class of given admissible configurations) the following energy functional:

\[ J_s(E)= C_{n,s}\int_{E}\int_{E^c}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{n+s}}dxdy,\;\; s \in (0,1) \]

The dimensional constant $C_{n,s}$ blows up as $s \to 1^-$, in which case (at least when the boundary of $E$ is smooth enough) one can check that $J_s(E)$ converges to the perimeter of $E$.

Classically, minimal surfaces (or generally surfaces of constant mean curvature ) arise in physical situations where one has two phases interacting (eg. water-air, water-ice ) and the energy of interaction is proportional to the area of the interface, which is due to the interaction between particles/agents in both phases being negligible when they are far apart.

Nonlocal minimal surfaces then, describe physical phenomena where the interaction potential does not decay fast enough as particles are apart, so that two particles on different phases and far from the interface still contribute a non-trivial amount to the total interaction energy, in particular, one may consider much more general energy functionals corresponding to different interaction potentials

\[ J_K(E)= \int_{E}\int_{E^c}K(x,y) dxdy \]

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