- 08-149 Taku Matsui
- On Spectral Gap,U(1) Symmetry and Split Property in Quantum Spin Chains
Aug 11, 08
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Abstract. We consider a class of ground states for quantum spin chains on an integer lattice. First we show that presence of the spectral gap between the ground state energy and the rest of spectrum implies the split property of certain subsystems.As a corollary, we show that gapless excitation exists for spinless Fermion if the pure gauge invariant ground state is non-trivial and translationally invariant.