# Time Regularity for Nonlocal Parabolic Equations

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One of the phenomena that are exclusive to nonlocal parabolic equations is how the boundary data, posed in the complement of a given domain might drastically affect the regularity of the solution. Consider the fractional heat equation of order $\sigma\in(0,2)$
\begin{alignat*}{3}
u_t &= \Delta^{\sigma/2} u \quad &&\text{ in } \quad &&B_1\times\mathbb R\\
u &= g \quad &&\text{ on } \quad &&(\mathbb R^n \setminus B_1)\times\mathbb R
\end{alignat*}
If $g$ has a sudden discontinuity in time then it is expected that the nonlocal effect, transmitted into the equation by $\Delta^\sigma$, makes $u_t$ discontinuous in time. A specific example was presented by Chang-Lara and Dávila^{[1]}.

For fully nonlinear, nonlocal parabolic equations it was established by Chang-Lara and Kriventsov^{[2]} that $u_t$ is Holder continuous provided that the boundary is Holder continuous in time. Under the assumption that $g$ is merely bounded, it was also proved that $u$ is Holder continuous in time for every exponent $\beta \in(0,1)$ with an estimate that degenerates as $\beta$ approaches 1. It remains open whether Lipschitz regularity in time also holds under the previous hypothesis.

One application of the result in ^{[2]} was to extend the Evans-Krylov estimate for parabolic equations under a mild continuity hypothesis for the boundary data.

## References

- ↑ Chang-Lara, Héctor; Dávila, Gonzalo (2014), "Regularity for solutions of non local parabolic equations",
*Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations***49**: 139--172, doi:10.1007/s00526-012-0576-2, ISSN 0944-2669, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00526-012-0576-2 - ↑
^{2.0}^{2.1}Chang-Lara, Héctor; Kriventsov, Dennis (2015), "Further Time Regularity for Non-Local, Fully Non-Linear Parabolic Equations",*ArXiv e-prints*